Multinational Corporations like Shell Petroleum Development Corporation , Mobil Producing , Agip ,Dieago Guinness , etc have their headquarters in one country , but their operations are in different countries.
What this means is that the business must comform with the laws of their operating countries.
In the past multinational Corporations operating in Africa were largely of American and European origin.
However these days there are a growing number of Africa companies that have multinational operations e.g Dangote Group that is a major stakeholder in the cement manufacturing in many African states .MTN is also another successful story of the African multinational Corporations.
The relationship between the headquarters and the subsidiaries are collaborative .